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Bigmouth Buffalo
 
Additional Sport Fish Species pages
 

Apache Trout
Arctic Grayling
Bigmouth Buffalo
Black Bullhead
Black Crappie
Bluegill
Brook Trout
Brown Trout
Channel Catfish
Cutthroat Trout

Desert Sucker
Flathead Catfish
Gila Trout
Green Sunfish
Largemouth Bass
Northern Pike
Rainbow Trout
Redear Sunfish
Roundtail Chub
Smallmouth Bass

Striped Bass
Tilapia
Walleye
White Bass
White Crappie
Yellow Bass
Yellow Bullhead
Yellow Perch


Bigmouth Buffalo
Bigmouth Buffalo: (Ictiobus cyprinellus)
 
Description
Non-native. Introduced to Arizona in 1918. Heavy bodied fish. Back is gray to olive-bronze with green-copper reflections. Sides are black to olive-yellow; belly is pale yellow to white. Head large and ovoid with a sharply oblique, terminal mouth. No barbells on mouth or spines on fins. Length: 12 to 41 inches. Weight: 1 to over 39 pounds.

Location and Habitat

Found only in Apache and Roosevelt Lakes.  Wide ranging in habitat preferences generally found in water deeper than 20 feet, except during the spring spawning period.

 

Reproduction

Bigmouth buffalo are open water broadcast spawners during the spring after run-off raises the water levels.  Eggs are scattered randomly over plants and debris.

Food
They are plankton feeders, eating mostly on algae, zooplankton, crustaceans and other larvae .

Angling
These fish are rarely caught by rod and reel, but successful anglers have used small hooks hidden in dough balls fished along the bottom. In addition to angling, bigmouth buffalo may also be taken by bow and arrow, crossbow, snare, gig, spear and spear gun as long as none of these methods are practiced within two hundred yards of any boat dock or designated swimming area.

Table Quality
The meat is firm, white, flaky and good tasting, although somewhat bony.  They are especially fine eating when smoked. They are a relatively important commercial resource in areas where they are abundant such as the Mississippi River valley.

Updated October 2009

 
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Downloads [More]

Fishing &
Reptile/ Amphibian Regulations

  • 2014 AZ Fishing Regulations
    [PDF, 7mb]


  • 2014 Urban Fishing Guidebook
    [PDF, 9mb]


  • 2014 Amphibian and Reptile Regulations [PDF]



  • Arizona Residency Requirements
    [PDF]
NOTE: The above files are PDF's and require the free Adobe Acrobat Reader.

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