Arizona Game and FIsh Department - Managing Today for Wildlife Tomorrow: azgfd.gov Arizona Game and Fish Department
  

Phone Number
BUY LICENSES | BIG GAME DRAW | eNEWS | CALENDAR | VIDEO | HUNTING | FISHING | WILDLIFE VIEWING | CONSERVATION | EDUCATION | BOATING | SHOOTING | OHV | SITE MAP | EMPLOYMENT
 
AZGFD Home
expand icon eServices
expanded icon Newsroom
expand icon Hunting & Fishing
   
Hunting

Fishing

- Rules & Regulations
-

Sport Fish Species

- Where to Fish
- Urban Fishing
- Weekly Fishing Report
- Lake Levels/River Flow
- Stocking Schedule
- Fish Consumption Advisories
- State Records
- Big Fish-of-the-Year
- Hatcheries
Resources
expand icon Outdoor Recreation
expand icon Wildlife & Conservation
expand icon Education & Outreach
expand icon Inside AZGFD
Customer Service
 
Rainbow Trout
 
Additional Sport Fish Species pages
 

Apache Trout
Arctic Grayling
Bigmouth Buffalo
Black Bullhead
Black Crappie
Bluegill
Brook Trout
Brown Trout
Channel Catfish
Cutthroat Trout

Desert Sucker
Flathead Catfish
Gila Trout
Green Sunfish
Largemouth Bass
Northern Pike
Rainbow Trout
Redear Sunfish
Roundtail Chub
Smallmouth Bass

Striped Bass
Tilapia
Walleye
White Bass
White Crappie
Yellow Bass
Yellow Bullhead
Yellow Perch


Rainbow Trout
Rainbow Trout: (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
 
 
Description
Original range of the rainbow trout was from Northern Mexico to the Kuskokwim River, Alaska.  Some stocks existed in the Great Basin and in British Columbia, but none was native to any part of the Colorado River.  Introduced to Arizona in 1898. Olive to bluish on the back, sides dusky green to blue to silver usually with an iridescent, pink to reddish lateral stripe. Many small black spots irregularly scattered on back, sides, adipose and dorsal fin. Distinct radiating rows of black spots on tail fin. Generally, no spots on pectoral, pelvic and anal fins. Length: 8 to 32 inches. Weight: 6 ounces to over 10 pounds. May live up to 11 years.

Location and Habitat

They are stocked from state hatcheries into most lakes and streams where water temperatures do not exceed 72 degrees Fahrenheit. Most stocked rainbows are from 9-11 inches with an occasional 3-5 pounder.

Reproduction

Spawn in early spring, most always in streams.  “Redds” are dug by the females in the gravel.  After fertilization the female fans the gravel and buries the eggs.  This process is repeated for several days until the female is spent.  Hatching time depends upon water temperature.  Fish reach maturity between 2-3 years.

 
Food
They feed on plankton, aquatic and terrestrial insects and aquatic invertebrates.  Trout vary their feeding based on the availability of food such as hatching insects on the surface, emerging midges rising through the water column, or worms and bugs along the bottom.

Angling
Effective baits are worms, salmon eggs, powerbait, corn, cheese, marshmallows, artificial lures and flies. The number one key to successful trout fishing, is to use light line (2 to 6 pound) and small hooks (10-14 sizes), and small sinkers.

Table Quality
Depending on the fishes diet, the meat can be white to orange-red in color. The meat is firm, flaky and is considered excellent eating.

Updated October 2009

 
Related AZGFD Info
- Watercraft
- Been Fishing?
- Sport Fishing Education
- Economic Impact
- Sign up for AZGFD eNews
 
Videos [More]
NOTE: Video files may require the free Adobe Flash Player.
 
Ringtones [More]
 
Downloads [More]

Fishing &
Reptile/ Amphibian Regulations

  • 2014 AZ Fishing Regulations
    [PDF, 7mb]


  • 2014 Urban Fishing Guidebook
    [PDF, 9mb]


  • 2013 Amphibian and Reptile Regulations [PDF]



  • Arizona Residency Requirements
    [PDF]
NOTE: The above files are PDF's and require the free Adobe Acrobat Reader.

Mission | Frequently Asked Questions | Web Policy | Send Comments | Employment | Commission Agenda | Office Locations | Site Map | Search | © 2013 AZGFD