A few helpful hints for hunting javelina
By Craig McMullen, field supervisor, Arizona Game and Fish Department
hunting, finding the javelina is more than half the battle. They
are small, cryptically colored quarry that like to be out of the
wind and sometimes hang out in thick brush.
Once you find them, you’ll
discover that, relative to deer and elk, they are easy to stalk.
They’ll see you if you are not careful, but you don’t
have to be perfect. They’ll hear you if you are clumsy or
careless, but again, you don’t have to be perfect. They don’t
have very good memories, either. If they see or hear you and you
stop whatever it is you are doing to attract attention, they’ll
probably forget about you after 10 minutes or so . . . if they didn’t
smell you. Your scent is the death knell to every stalk. If you
are careless with the wind direction, your stalk will be over before
Javelina herds tend to
have relatively well-defined home ranges. They require free water
to drink, so you know that javelina home ranges must include water.
During your scouting trips, look for javelina sign around water
holes, along roads and washes, and anywhere else a track might be
captured. If you are seeing a lot of javelina sign, you know you
are probably within the home range of at least one herd.
During your scouting,
look for areas on north- and east-facing slopes and in the drainage
bottoms where javelina have been bedding all year. They will frequently
use the same bedding areas so often that the beds become excavated
holes under good shade trees, such as junipers. If you find a heavily
used bedding area, you know you are in a heavily used portion of
their home range. This is a good place to start.
The next step is to gain
some elevation and use binoculars. Binoculars significantly increase
your chances of spotting a javelina.
Wind is a key
Javelina hair does not
provide the same insulative protection as deer hair or elk hair,
so on cold mornings, look for javelina on a sunny slope or bottom
somewhere that will allow them to sun themselves without being exposed
to the wind. Remember, a javelina’s best-developed sense for
detecting danger is its nose. This means they will position themselves
to take best advantage of their ability to smell. If you are trying
to decide where to glass, and there is wind or even a slight breeze,
start with the lee side of a hill or in a bottom where the javelina
are not directly exposed to wind.
Once you find javelina
and are planning your stalk, go slowly and pay attention to the
wind. Whether hunting with archery equipment or a rifle, everyone
has a maximum distance they can shoot. In a steady wind, a javelina
can smell you further than you can shoot, so wind is the primary
factor to consider when making a stalk.
back to top
By Brian Wakeling, big game supervisor, Arizona Game and Fish Department
If you were
lucky enough to draw a spring javelina tag, you may be planning
the best approach to your hunt as you read this. Javelina hunting
is one of those activities that can be difficult if you are unfamiliar
with your hunting area and the fates don't smile on you. Javelina
live in a relatively small area that meets their yearlong lifestyle
needs, but they can be difficult to spot and change their habits
in response to the often unpredictable weather and habitat changes
that can occur during the January and February hunting seasons.
has been unusually dry in Arizona’s javelina range. Our javelina
herds are fairly stable, with some improved recruitment as a result
of last year's wet winter. Javelina will forage among prickly pear,
especially during dry periods when there are few other groceries
to be had. When wet weather occurs during hunts (not the case so
far this year), hunt success often diminishes because hunters can't
cross flowing washes and javelina spend more time huddled up out
of the rain. If we get some wet weather, hillsides will green up,
and javelina will take advantage of fresh, new growth to augment
their diet. In that event, they may be harder to see.
hunts occur during a beautiful time of year to experience the desert
habitats of Arizona. Take the time to enjoy your hunt!
Determination pays off for Ryan Burbank
Burbank’s first elk hunt got off to a rough start even before
he took to the field. Two weeks before he and his dad Pete, a hunter
education instructor, were to start their November hunt in Game
Management Unit 5B-S, the 14-year-old from Litchfield Park broke
Not wanting Ryan to miss
out on the hunt, Pete built a special swivel seat on a mount and
situated his son in a couple of likely spots for elk. After two
days of not seeing anything, Pete and his companions noticed that
Ryan could get around pretty well with the aid of his crutches,
so they allowed him to join them on foot. Ryan hiked up and down
over ridgelines for a couple of miles until the terrain became steeper
and rockier. His dad had him descend and rest in a meadow that would
be the turnaround point.
Pete was still uphill
when he heard Ryan call over the radio: “Dad, there’s
elk coming your way.” Ryan had seen several elk pass by the
other side of the meadow. As Pete prepared to get in better position
for what he hoped would be the approaching elk, he heard a rifle
report. Ryan had spotted another elk in the meadow, dropped to one
knee, and got himself a 5x6 bull elk with a 275-yard shot.
small game and deer before, but this was my first elk hunt,”
says Ryan. “I didn’t expect to get one that big. It
day in the woods: looking for shed antlers
By Ron Day, law enforcement branch chief, Arizona Game and Fish Department
February, so what’s a hunter to do? There are javelina, but
not everyone likes hunting javelina. Ducks are everywhere, but the
season is closed. Quail season has closed, too. Hunting season is
winding down, and those who fish are dreaming of warmer weather
and water. Having said all of this, there are still ways to enjoy
being in the great outdoors. One of my favorite late-winter activities
is picking up shed antlers.
antler growth cycle
The annual antler
growth cycle of deer and elk is one of nature’s amazing events.
In the late winter or early spring a new antler begins to grow from
the pedestal, from which the previous year’s antler recently
fell off. The antlers grow until midsummer or early fall. During
this time the antler is a live bone, covered with velvet. Once antler
growth stops, the bull or buck starts to rub the velvet off of the
now-dead antler. This is the time of year when it really stinks
to be an 8-foot pine tree in the middle of a little opening. After
the antlers are rubbed, they remain unchanged until they once again
fall off in late winter or early spring, and the cycle starts over.
The timing of
this cycle depends on the species (deer or elk), and the age and
maturity of the animal. For example, a big bull elk will usually
drop its antlers by the end of February. Bigger antlers take longer
to grow and, as such, necessitate dropping the previous year’s
antlers earlier. By comparison, younger bulls are often seen with
the previous year’s antlers as late as April or early May.
do you look for an antler?
The answer is
actually easy. It’s where the bulls or bucks are during the
time of year when their antlers fall off. It truly depends on the
dynamics of the deer or elk herd in the area where you plan to look.
In most parts of the state, elk winter in a different area than
where they spend the summer. Since antler drop occurs in the late
winter, the place to start looking is winter range.
winter range will find the bulls feeding on some combination of
cliffrose, mountain mahogany, sage, or maybe the first green grass
of the spring. They are probably not traveling very far between
bedding and feeding areas unless they have to travel for water.
All these factors come into play when trying to find an antler.
Remember, you are not trying to find a bull elk; you’re trying
to find where they were during that six- to eight-week period when
most of them dropped an antler.
As with all
types of hunting, knowing the specific area where bulls like to
feed, water and bed will help immensely in finding an antler or
two. An elk’s life is not terribly complicated during this
time of year: eat, sleep and drink, that’s all they’re
do you look for an antler?
I pick an area
where I can get away from people and spend my day hiking where bulls
have wintered. That may sound easy, but unless you have tried it,
you don’t know how truly competitive antler hunting has become.
It is rare to spend a day anywhere and not find a boot print from
another antler hunter.
I spend a lot
of time looking where they are feeding. It makes sense to assume
that this is where most of the antlers are going to fall off. You
should also look in bedding grounds. Probably one-third of the antlers
I pick up are in or right next to a bed. The last place worth some
of your time is along major trails used by bulls between where they
feed and bed. Pay attention to fences, as many antlers fall off
when a bull jumps a fence.
legalities of picking up an antler
What are the
legalities of picking up an elk or deer antler? Naturally, shed
antlers are lawful to possess. However, the legality of possessing
antlers, skulls or other parts from animals that have died is more
complicated. In a nutshell, if the animal died from an unnatural
cause, such as wounding during the hunting season or vehicle impact,
it may not be lawfully possessed. Parts from wildlife that die from
natural causes, such as predation, disease, drowning, or lightning
may be lawfully possessed. You may not make this determination on
your own. If you find an animal that you wish to keep a part of,
you must contact the Arizona Game and Fish Department so “cause
of death” can be properly determined. For more information,
see the article below on the legalities of picking up wildlife parts.
issues to consider are closures and access. A land management agency,
such as the USDA Forest Service or U.S. Bureau of Land Management,
may have closed an area to vehicle traffic, either for wildlife
reasons or due to winter conditions. In most of these cases, you
may usually access the area on foot but may not be allowed to drive
a vehicle, including an OHV, into the area. Make sure you check
the current local conditions of your destination.
What you do
with the antlers you find is up to you. The majority of the antlers
are sold to local antler buyers, who either resell them or make
them into lamps, lights and chandeliers. They are often resold to
buyers who ship them overseas. Whatever you do with yours, remember,
the antler is just a bonus, the real reward is spending another
great day in the woods.
Travis-Jay Toot gets his first mule deer
Taylor submitted this report about his 11-year-old grandson Travis,
of Tucson, getting his first mule deer. Travis is already quite
an outdoorsman, having been shooting since he was 6 years old. He
completed the Arizona Hunter Education course in May. Travis was
fortunate to get drawn for the junior deer hunt in Game Management
Unit 36A. On the last day of the hunt, he came across a fine mule
deer. He took his time, was able to stalk within 175 yards, and
made a fantastic shot. Everyone is very proud of him, and he is
already talking about next year’s hunt.
Pat also had this to
say about Arizona’s hunter education instructors. “I
would like to offer special thanks to the hunter education instructors
who make a special effort to help kids on their hunt. I have known
some of these people for most of my life, but to watch them go out
of their way to offer kids help and encouragement was terrific.
If they spotted a deer, they would actually help complete strangers
get the opportunity to fill their tags, or at least give the kids
an opportunity for a shot. Thank you to the Brian and Bryce Stark
families, Steve Hopkins, and Fred Wiemann and his son Mike.”
a wildlife manager
By Ron Day, law enforcement branch chief, Arizona Game and Fish Department
legalities of picking up wildlife parts
A common question
that needs to be addressed is the issue of whether individuals may
pick up and keep the head, antlers, or any part of wildlife they
find dead in the field. What may appear to be an easy question actually
requires a complicated answer.
State law requires an
individual to have evidence of legality when possessing or transporting
wildlife carcasses or their parts. A hunting license and/or big
game tag meets this requirement for wildlife lawfully taken during
hunting season. However, if an individual in the field finds dead
wildlife, or any part of an animal he or she did not legally take
during the hunt, then that individual may not automatically possess
and /or transport any of it.
If an individual wishes
to keep such wildlife parts found in the field, he/she must contact
the Arizona Game and Fish Department so an officer can determine
the cause of death of the animal. If it is determined the animal
died from a natural cause, such as predation, disease, fights, falls,
drowning, lightning, etc., the wildlife part may be possessed by
the individual. If the officer determines the animal died from an
unnatural cause, such as wounding loss, illegal activity or vehicle
collision, no part of the wildlife may be possessed or transported.
If the cause of death
cannot be determined and the wildlife part is fresh, meaning bone
or tissue moisture is present and the part is not oxidized, possession
will not be allowed. This also applies to parts, such as skulls,
where the age cannot be determined because the finder has boiled
and/or cleaned them. If the cause of death cannot be determined
and the part is old (with no moisture and oxidized), possession
will be allowed.
Clear? Just remember,
the key is to contact the Arizona Game and Fish Department prior
to picking up the part. There is no way these parts may be lawfully
possessed until the department has determined the cause of death.
hunter education classes enhance knowledge
By Bill Larson, former hunter education coordinator, Arizona Game
and Fish Department
1999, the Arizona Game and Fish Department began offering supplemental
one-day classes to hunters who have already taken a basic hunter
education class in another state. Participants are required to show
that completion of their basic course occurred in 1980 or later.
1980 is the same year that Arizona looks back to for hunter education
bonus point credit for completion of the course.
class is designed to cover Arizona-specific issues and not to replace
or duplicate previous studies. Subjects include habitat concerns,
Arizona wildlife identification, venomous bites and stings (and
first aid for them), game laws and hunting rules, how the draws
work, and similar subjects.
in Arizona, students must be at least 10 years old to graduate from
the class. This is an advanced-level class that tests an individual’s
knowledge. Anyone who would like to participate in one of these
classes needs to contact the Arizona Game and Fish Department Education
Branch at (623) 236-7235 and provide the necessary documents.
For a testimonial
about the supplemental hunter education classes, below is a letter
from Steve Osminski of Michigan.
I took one
of your all-day supplemental hunter education classes a couple of
years ago. It was great information, and I'm sure the permanent
bonus point I earned helped get me my archery elk tag this year.
Here is a picture of my do-it-yourself bull. I took him on my eighth
day hunting. The shot was less than 10 feet and he went 120 yards
and fell in my sight. I wanted to thank the Arizona Game and Fish
Department for the great work it does in managing the animals. I
appreciate the opportunity to hunt in your great state.
By Jim Unmacht, 2004-2005 president
How did your group get started? On Oct.
3, 1992, a group of concerned sportsmen and wildlife conservationists
formed an organization known as the Arizona Antelope Foundation.
They dedicated themselves to increasing the Arizona pronghorn population
by advocating and actively participating in pronghorn management
and habitat improvement programs. In its 13-year history, this organization
has made a positive impact on the welfare and enhancement of pronghorn
herds in Arizona.
is AAF’s purpose? The Arizona Antelope Foundation works
toward a number of goals and objectives:
blocks of key pronghorn habitat and manage them for pronghorn.
in habitat manipulation projects to enhance pronghorn habitat.
additional water sources for pronghorn.
- Modify existing
fences to exceed current wildlife standards.
pronghorn into historic habitat.
predator control efforts where necessary to insure the survival
of pronghorn populations.
the public about pronghorn in Arizona.
with the livestock industry, land management agencies, private
landowners, and game management agencies to encourage programs
research necessary to better manage pronghorn.
- Serve as
an advocate for the enhancement of pronghorn.
members do you have? About 350.
AAF do? The AAF works tirelessly to improve habitat for pronghorn
and other grassland species that benefit from the efforts. One of
our primary project focuses is modifying barbed wire fences to make
them antelope friendly. Pronghorn typically go under rather than
over fences, so we raise the bottom strand to a height of 18 inches
to allow the animals to safely move between pastures, ensuring genetic
diversity and giving them a chance to escape predators. While working
the fences, we have partnered with many ranchers and government
agencies, repairing many miles of fence over the last 13 years.
We are very active in restoring grasslands by eliminating invasive
trees, too. Finally, we also participate in other habitat and conservation
activities for the benefit of Arizona's wildlife, as well as sportsmen
conservation spotlight is shining on AAF, what would you like to
say? Arizona's building boom has probably impacted antelope
more than any other big game species. Why? Because the ideal place
to build a “home in the country” is in prime pronghorn
habitat! The grasslands of Arizona that aren't encroached by housing
developments are alternatively being overgrown by invasive junipers,
due to decades of fire suppression and other range management issues.
We need all the help
we can get to continue to conserve places for pronghorn in Arizona.
Come join us on a project and learn why our motto is, "Libertas
ad vagor"—freedom to roam!
to help Arizona's antelope in 2006 is by joining us in our new Adopt-a
Herd Project. Watch for details coming soon on the AAF
people reach you? You can learn a great deal about us by visiting
our award- winning Web site at azantelope.org.
back to top
opportunities for hunters
By Sandy Reith, volunteer coordinator, Arizona Game and Fish Department
The Arizona Game and Fish Department’s volunteer
program provides opportunities for volunteers to participate firsthand
in managing Arizona’s wildlife resources. Our goal is to provide
you with a congenial and cooperative atmosphere where you can build
relationships with staff and other volunteers, and gain knowledge
about Arizona wildlife and wildlife management. We recognize that
your time is important and strive to provide rewarding and educational
listed some opportunities below that we think you might find interesting.
To learn about other opportunities or to submit information about
a project that would benefit from our volunteers, check
our volunteer page.
Arizona Hunters Who Care cleanup, near Three Points
Details will be available soon at azhunterswhocare.org.
Antelope improvement project
The Arizona Antelope Foundation will be modifying fence to improve
antelope habitat in Game Management Unit 21, near Dugas and Cordes
Junction. Contact Arizona Game and Fish Department Volunteer Coordinator
Sandy Reith at (623) 236-7680. More information will be posted soon
Adopt-a-Ranch project with Hopi 3 Canyon 26 Bar Ranch, near
The Arizona Elk Society will be modifying and removing fence to
improve wildlife habitat. Contact Arizona Game and Fish Department
Volunteer Coordinator Sandy
Reith at (623) 236-7680.
Fence removal in the Big Lake area
This project is being done in conjunction with the Arizona Elk Society.
Contact Arizona Game and Fish Department Volunteer
Coordinator Sandy Reith at (623) 236-7680.
project: habitat restoration for pronghorn and grassland birds
Volunteers will be using loppers and hand saws to thin juniper south
of Mormon Lake at Mud Lake, on Forest Road 82 (Kinnikinick Lake
Road). Dates are May 20, June 17, July 22, Aug. 19, Sept. 23, Oct.
14, all at 8:30 a.m. Contact Arizona Game and Fish Department Volunteer
Coordinator Sandy Reith at (623) 236-7680.
project: line safety officers needed at Ben Avery Shooting Facility
Responsibilities include checking the safe condition of customer
firearms, observing participants while they are shooting on the
range, maintaining safe operation of the shooting line, and providing
superior customer service by answering customer questions about
firearms. Volunteers shoot for free at the Ben Avery Shooting Facility.
Contact our Volunteer Coordinator
at (623) 236-7680.
2 No. 1 Feb. 2006
In this issue:
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to change other account subscriptions or to change your e-mail address
and contact information. Edit
us your stories and questions!
We welcome mail from readers and will feature the following in each
Do you have a photo and story you’d like to share about your
recent hunting trip? We’d like to include one hunter's story
in each issue of Hunting Highlights. Send your picture and a brief
story to the Hunting
Do you have a photo and story about a youth hunt (your own, or that
of your child or grandchild)? We’d like to share one junior
hunter’s story in each issue of Hunting Highlights. Send your
picture and a brief story to the Hunting
Are you excited about the mission and activities of your wildlife
conservation organization? In the Conservation Spotlight, our readers
will share your excitement. To get your group into the spotlight,
e-mail the Hunting
a wildlife manager
Is there something you’ve always wanted to ask a game warden?
All questions are fair game in this regular feature. If you’ve
got a question for our wildlife managers, e-mail the Hunting
education classes are scheduled throughout the year in many
locations around the state. This list is updated weekly and new
classes are being offered all the time.
If you are planning on hunting in another state, please check with
that state well in advance of your hunt to see if proof of hunter
education is required.
Remember our safety phrase: T.A.B. T=Treat every gun as if it were
loaded. A=Always point your muzzle in a safe direction. B=Be sure
of your target and what is beyond. Happy hunting!
Public input still sought on hunt guidelines
Game and Fish Department is still accepting public comment on the
proposed 2006-2007 hunt guidelines, which include several changes
to the hunt structure. To find out how to submit written comment
by the March 1 deadline, or to view the entire 2006-2007 hunt guidelines
and recommendation package, visit the department’s Web site
The final recommendation
package for the fall 2006 hunts, along with the hunt structure changes,
will be presented at the April 22 meeting of the Arizona Game and
Fish Commission at the Hilton Garden Inn Phoenix Midtown, 4000 N.
Central Ave., Phoenix.
increases coming before commission for final approval
The Arizona Game and Fish Commission is scheduled to finalize the
rule-making process for proposed fee increases on most hunting and
fishing licenses, tags, stamps and permits during the Saturday,
Feb. 11 portion of its two-day meeting in Yuma. The meeting is at
the Shilo Inn, 1550 S. Castle Dome Ave., Yuma, starting at 8 a.m.
If approved, the fee increases would become effective for 2007 licenses
and tags. To view a copy of the increases, visit the department's
Web site at azgfd.gov.
hunters can now carry a non-hunting handgun for protection
The October issue of ”Hunting Highlights“ reviewed the
legality of carrying a handgun during an archery-only hunt. The
rule at that time was that hunters participating in an archery-only
hunt could not possess a firearm, even if they had a concealed weapons
Since that time,
the Arizona Game and Fish Department has issued a directive allowing
hunters participating in an archery-only hunt to carry a non-hunting
handgun for personal protection and safety. As a guideline, a non-hunting
handgun shall be defined as a handgun with a barrel length of 6
inches or less that does not have a scope or any type of electronic
this definition may be carried during an archery-only hunt for personal
protection only. They may not be used to take any species of wildlife
while participating in an archery-only hunt.
Big Game Super Raffle: Win the hunt of a lifetime
Every hunter now has a chance to win the hunt of a lifetime in Arizona
with the advent of Arizona's Big Game Super Raffle. In fact, nine
super hunts will be offered through the raffle.
how it works: The Arizona Game and Fish Commission last fall set
aside one additional tag for each of the big game species to be
used in a super raffle to raise money for wildlife conservation.
A consortium of conservation groups banded together to raffle these
special tags. Every cent raised goes to the Arizona Game and Fish
Department to benefit the big game species for which the raffle
One tag will
be offered for each of these species: antelope, black bear, buffalo,
Coues’ white-tailed deer, desert bighorn sheep, elk, javelina,
mule deer and turkey. Raffle ticket prices are very affordable.
to these tags is an optics raffle for a package of Swarovski products.
This package will include the 15x56 ER binoculars, 10x42 El binoculars,
ST-80 spotting scope with a 20-60x eyepiece, Swarovski Laser Rangefinder
and 4-12x50 rifle scope. An Outdoorsmans tripod with all the appropriate
tripod adapters will be included as well.
The public drawings
this year will be held in Phoenix on July 8. The season dates associated
with these special tags are 365 days per year starting Aug. 1, 2006,
with few restrictions on hunting areas.
For more details, visit arizonabiggamesuperraffle.com.
the Arizona Shooting Showcase on March 25-26
Check out the latest firearms and enjoy some of the specialty shooting
not normally available to the public at the Arizona Game and Fish
Department Shooting Showcase, March 25-26 at the Ben Avery Shooting
have a unique opportunity to try out pistols, rifles and shotguns
on the range, talk to manufacturers' reps, and sample cowboy action
shooting, rifle and pistol silhouette, black powder, trap, and other
competitive shooting disciplines. Plus, we’ll have exciting
shooting demonstrations by experts and informative workshops on
shooting and hunting.
parking are free. Hours are 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. on Saturday and 10
a.m. to 3 p.m. on Sunday. The Ben Avery Shooting Facility is located
on the northwest corner of I-17 and Carefree Highway in north Phoenix.
Exit I-17 at Carefree Highway (Exit 223) and go 1/2 mile west to
the entrance at Long Shot Lane.
and shooting clubs interested in being exhibitors, indoor booths
are available at a special reduced rate. Reserve your booth by contacting
the Showcase event coordinator, We
Are Arizona, by e-mail
or by telephone at (480) 219-2388.
Arizona Game and Fish Department 2006 Shooting Showcase is sponsored
by Sportsman’s Warehouse. For more information, visit azgfd.gov/showcase
on the Web.
Arizona Game and Fish at the Phoenix ISE show, March 10-12
The Arizona Game and Fish Department will have an extensive presence
at this year’s International Sportsmen’s Exhibition,
with everything from live wildlife to virtual shooting. Visit our
exhibits, obtain information, and talk with department representatives
about hunting, fishing, off-highway vehicle opportunities and boating
safety. Plus, we’ll be conducting presentations on fishing,
small game hunting and outdoor safety and survival.
The show runs
from March 10-12 at the Arizona State Fairgrounds, 1826 W. McDowell
Road, Phoenix. Show hours are noon to 7 p.m. Friday, 10 a.m. to
7 p.m. Saturday, and 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Sunday. Admission is $10
(free for children age 12 and under). Parking is $7. For
more information, click here.
groups donate training aids
The Arizona Bowhunters Association and the Wildlife Conservation
Council have donated several training aids to the Arizona Game and
Fish Department’s Hunter Education Program. The seven deer
models have simulated vitals on one side and pre-drilled channels
that an arrow can go through to show the type of hit results with
different shot placements. Many thanks to these organizations for
their generous contribution to hunter education.
Feb. 10-16: Juniors-only javelina
Feb. 17: HAM javelina opens; general javelina opens in selected
March 1: Deadline
for written public comment on hunt guidelines and recommendations
March 10-12: International
Sportsmen’s Exposition, Arizona State Fairgrounds, Phoenix
March 24: General spring bear opens; archery-only spring bear opens
in selected units
March 25 and 26: Arizona
Shooting Showcase, Ben Avery Shooting Facility, Phoenix
April 22: Arizona
Game and Fish Commission Meeting (hunt orders)
From the Arizona Game and Fish Department’s “Almost
All Things Edible” cookbook
- 3-5 pounds
boned javelina shoulder or ham
- 2-3 pounds
- 20-30 whole
- 1 quart
favorite barbecue sauce
- 1 quart
and quarter the onions. Reserve half the onions in a covered bowl
and refrigerate. With a paring knife, make 20-30 small slits in
the meat and push a clove into each opening. Arrange half of the
remaining sliced onions on the bottom of a crockpot and add meat
with the remaining onions on the top. Add water to cover and cook
on low for eight hours or high for four hours. Remove meat to cutting
board, reserve cooked onions, discard remaining juices. Shred and
cut up the meat, being sure to keep visible uncooked cloves. Add
meat, the cooked onions, the reserved uncooked onions and barbecue
sauce to crockpot. Cook on low heat for four to six hours, stirring
occasionally. Serve on large hamburger buns.
Thank you hunters!
Arizona’s rich outdoor heritage is enjoyed by all, thanks
to hunters like you, whose purchase of hunting equipment supports
wildlife management and habitat enhancement in the Grand Canyon
State. When you purchase a rifle, ammunition, archery equipment
and other sporting gear, you pay a federal excise tax and import
duties. Since 1937, this money has been collected by the federal
government and redistributed to the states using a formula based
on hunting license sales and the state’s land area. In 2004,
that meant over $5 million for game management in Arizona. This
money paid for game surveys, hunter education classes, wildlife
water catchment construction and wildlife research, among other
projects. Hunters like you are part of the largest and most successful
wildlife conservation programs in the world… Thank you.