Arizona Game and FIsh Department - Managing Today for Wildlife Tomorrow: azgfd.gov Arizona Game and Fish Department
  

Phone Number
BUY LICENSES | BIG GAME DRAW | eNEWS | CALENDAR | VIDEO | HUNTING | FISHING | WILDLIFE VIEWING | CONSERVATION | EDUCATION | BOATING | SHOOTING | OHV | SITE MAP | EMPLOYMENT
 
AZGFD Home
Online Services
Newsroom
Hunting & Fishing
Outdoor Recreation
Wildlife & Conservation
 
Living with Wildlife
Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy
Teaming With Wildlife
Conservation & Management
Heritage Fund Program
Research
Technical Reports
Wildlife Related Diseases
Nongame Species

Arizona's Natural Heritage Program (HDMS)

- Arizona's Natural Heritage
- What is the HDMS?
- Products & Services
- Species Data Lists
-

Plant & Animal Abstracts

- Contact HDMS
Project Evaluation Program (PEP)
Economic Impact
Special Permits
Resources
Information & Education
Inside AZGFD
Customer Service
 

Spikedace and Loach Minnow Conservation

 
Additional pages
 

 

 

Loach minnow

Spikedace

 

Two small minnows, spikedace and loach minnow have declined in abundance and distribution in the last 100 years.  Spikedace use to inhabit flowing water in mid-to-low elevation streams throughout the Gila River basin in Arizona and New Mexico. By the late 1990s, they were considered present in three locations in Arizona (Verde River, Eagle Creek, and Aravaipa Creek) and two in New Mexico (upper Gila River and Gila River forks). However, populations in two Arizona streams are so rare, that by 2009, none had been found in the Verde River in a decade and none had been found in Eagle Creek in two decades.  

 

Loach minnow previously inhabited many of the same streams in the Gila River basin as spikedace, but they prefer rocky riffles. In the late 1990s, loach minnow were considered present in five areas in Arizona and three in New Mexico.  By 2009, loach minnow were still commonly found at three of the locations in Arizona, but had not been found in Eagle Creek in over a decade or in the North Fork East Fork Black River in five years.

 

Because of the dwindling populations of these two species, Arizona Game and Fish Department and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in coordination with other agencies decided to bring some fish into captivity to establish refuge populations and breeding stock.  Spikedace from three of the five populations and loach minnow from three of the eight populations have been brought to Bubbling Ponds Hatchery Research Facility to achieve these goals. 

 

Since 2007, Arizona Game and Fish Department and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in cooperation with other federal agencies and non-governmental organizations have worked to increase the number of populations of both species by stocking fish produced at the hatchery into four streams within their historic range.

 

For more information contact:

Tony Robinson

Gila River Basin Native Fishes Conservation Program Manager

Arizona Game and Fish Department

5000 W. Carefree Highway

Phoenix, AZ 85086-5000.
Phone: (623) 236-7376           E-mail: trobinson@azgfd.gov

 

back to top
 
Related AZGFD Info
- Sign up for AZGFD eNews
- Watchable Wildlife
- Wildlife News
 
Videos [More]
NOTE: Video files may require the free Adobe Flash Player.
 
 
External Resources [More]
- Natural Resource Conservation Service
- Endangered Species Act
NOTE: External sites will open in a new browser window.
 

Mission | Frequently Asked Questions | Web Policy | Send Comments | Employment | Commission Agenda | Office Locations | Site Map | Search | © 2013 AZGFD