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Arizona's Nongame Mammals
 
 

euderma maculatum

Nongame Mammal Conservation Programs

Arizona has a diverse, abundant mammalian fauna. It includes many nongame species and a rich variety of game species. Each part of Arizona harbors at least one kind of mammal unusual enough to be a delightful surprise when encountered in the field. The known distribution and taxonomy of 134 native and 11 introduced mammals have been documented in Arizona.

Many nongame mammals in Arizona are poorly known. Entire species complexes, such as the voles, gophers, and several genera of mice, have yet to be studied using modern genetic science. The ecology and distribution of some of these species is also poorly known. Among those in need of field study are the water shrew, jumping mouse, and several species of pocket mice.

Thirty-four Arizona mammals are identified as Species of Greatest Conservation Need. Nine are also federally listed as endangered under the Endangered Species Act. Three of these species are extinct, and five have disappeared from Arizona, although reintroduction efforts are underway for two (black-footed ferret and Mexican wolf). Most other imperiled species have very small, local populations that face a variety of threats. Some species are tied to riparian or native grassland habitats.

NOTE: Some of the following files are PDF's and require the free Adobe Acrobat Reader. For text-only, use Adobe Access.

 
NOTE: Distribution maps are based on occurrences in the HDMS database and are not meant to be complete or predicted range maps. Each species has specific criteria that must be met before being entered into the database. Therefore, the resulting maps reflect only the occurrences that meet the species specific criteria.
 
Nongame Mammal Species Accounts
  • Ammospermophilus leucurus tersus
    Prospect Valley white-tailed qntelope squirrel [PDF, 41kb]
    Photograph
  • Dipodomys spectabilis baileyi
    New Mexico banner-tailed kangaroo rat [PDF, 48kb]
  • Herpailurus yaguarondi tolteca
    Jaguarundi [PDF, 51kb]
  • Sigmodon arizonae jacksoni
    Yavapai Arizona cotton rat [PDF, 48kb]
  • Sylvilagus idahoensis
    Pygmy rabbit [PDF, 51kb]
 
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